I am going to make a very obvious, yet often overlooked, claim: what we need to know and to be able to do today is very different from what we needed to survive even a decade ago. We live in a world of abundant, easily-accessible information, of immediate connection and gratification, of glassholes, homemade ping pong opponents, and cyborg drummers, with a large and widening gap between the haves and have-nots. It’s easy for educators to ignore those conditions and try to do what we’ve always done, but it only leads to frustrated teachers, angry parents and alienated kids who wander unsupported through a complex existence. If this is the world today, imagine what it will be like in another decade when our current third graders graduate from high school. Are we preparing them for our present or their future?